Our 12 best outdoor adventures across Europe's mountains and valleys

Europe boasts many amazing landscapes, from green valleys, rolling hills, and beautiful forests to high-peak mountains. Apart from hiking, there are many more outdoor adventures to go for. We have put together a list of some of our favorite destinations where you can go mountaineering, biking, canyoning, rafting, and much more.

1. Mountaineering in the Scottish Highlands

Beinn Ghlas and Ben Lawers, Climbing in Scotland

Mountaineering in Scotland is an excellent way to get to know this beautiful region. It is a healthy exercise where you will be rewarded with breathtaking views. There are plenty of mountains to climb, from Munros, Corbetts, and Grahams, and a wide range of landscapes to enjoy. A popular Munro to hike is Ben Lawers. It is the highest mountain in the Southern Highlands, rising above the beautiful Loch Tay. Surrounded by arctic-alpine flora and interesting fauna, you can walk the 6.75 miles return trail to the summit in approximately 4-6 hours. If you are in for a more strenuous hike, include neighboring Beinn Ghlas, giving you two Munros in one walk.

2. Biking on Mount Etna - Sicily

Biking on Mount Etna, Sicily, Italy

Riding along the paths that circumnavigate the impressive Mount Etna is a fantastic experience you cannot miss when visiting Sicily. On this bike ride, you will pass fascinating landscapes, from the splendid oak tree woods of Cerrita to incredible volcanic caves and the impressive lava field Il Passo dei Dammusi. Last but not least, you will ride through the unique beech forest of Monte Spagnolo and admire the panoramic views of the Etna villages. Can you ask for more in one ride?

3. Trail running in the Dublin Mountains - Ireland

Ireland is a fantastic year-round trail running destination. Thanks to its temperate climate (not too hot in summer and not too cold in winter), it allows you to go out on the tracks all year.

One of Ireland's best playgrounds for trail running is the famed 80-mile Wicklow Trail. It begins just five miles from Dublin's bustling city center. Then, it goes up to the Wicklow Mountains on to the village of Clonegal in County Carlow. The route is a gorgeous, undulating path through forests, hillsides, lakes, working farms, and small towns. On your journey, you will also pass Guinness Lake (Lough Tay) - which gets its name from its dark peaty color - and Irelands' highest waterfall, Powerscourt. If you have some extra time, stop at the beautiful monastic site of Glendalough.

Of course, if you are not too keen on running the distance, the way can be walked over the course of 7 to 8 days.

Walking the Wicklow Way, Lough Tay, Wicklow Mountains, Ireland

4. Canyoning in Ribeira dos Caldeiroes Natural Park - Azores

Canyoning, Sao Miguel, Azores

With high waterfalls and natural pools, the lush Ribeira dos Caldeirões Natural Park on the island of São Miguel (in the Portuguese Azores archipelago) is a haven for canyoning! During this few-hours adventure, you will explore the park by jumping, sliding, and rappelling. Discover the beautiful canyons and natural waterfalls of the park as you go. Furthermore, the park's high position offers spectacular views over high cliffs, even up to the oldest tea plantation in Europe, Gorreana.

5. Hike in Connemara National Park - Ireland

Hiking up Diamon Hill, Connemara, Ireland

Connemara, with its rolling mountains, dark lakes, and ancient bogs, is the typical Irish landscape at its best. One of the best spots to soak up the views of this unspoiled nature is from the summit of Diamond Hill. The hike is challenging, but you will be rewarded with unrivaled vistas up to the rugged Connemara coastline below. There's a short walk (which takes 1-1.5 hours) and a long walk (which takes 2.5-3 hours). Both start from the visitor center at Connemara National Park, where you can learn more about Connemara and the flora and fauna of Ireland!

6. Horseback riding in Iceland

A horseback ride is a perfect way to explore Iceland's rugged terrain. Icelandic horses are one-of-a-kind, noticeably more intelligent, curious, and friendly than many other types of horses. You can take a fantastic horse ride from Vellir, on the outskirts of the capital city, up to Reykjafjall mountain. Here you have vistas down to the ocean, across mighty volcanoes, and upon the town of Hveragerði, which is constantly steaming thanks to geothermal activity.

Icelandic horses, Iceland, horse-riding

For experienced (and adventurous) riders, there is The Highland Trails - a multi-day tour in the highlands of Iceland' following ancient routes into remote areas. Sleeping in tents or small cottages, here it's just you and nature!

7. Riverbed walking in Peneda-Geres - Portugal

Peneda Geres National Park, river bed walking, Portugal

The beautiful Peneda-Gerês National Park - located on Portugal's border with Spain - has incredible biodiversity, serving as a habitat for many local species. The park offers many hiking opportunities, including a river trek along River Adrão. The Adrão River is a tributary of the Lima River (one of the biggest ones in Portugal), marked by green banks in all seasons of the year. On this adventure, you jump and walk between ponds, rocks, and paths while learning about local flora and fauna. After this fantastic natural experience, you can refresh in the crystalline waters and swim in the area's natural pools.

8. Biking the 'Rallerwegen' - Norway

The 'Rallarvegen' in the fjord region of Norway is a breathtaking 82-km-long bike route that will leave unforgettable impressions. You can set your own pace to cover the whole stretch or combine your bike ride with other outdoor adventures, such as an adrenaline-filled zipline flight over the Flåm Valley down to Kårdal.

Did you know that Flåm Zipline is Scandinavia's longest, with a span of 1.381 meters?

In Kårdal, you can step on a bike, cycling the last part - fifteen kilometers - of the Rallarvegen back to Flåm. During this ride, you will enjoy beautiful scenery, including blossoming valleys and spectacular fjord landscapes.

Cycling Rallervegen, flam valley, Hardangervidda, Fjord norway, Norway

9. Hiking Rota Vicentina's Historical trail - Portugal