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THE AZORES

HISTORY

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HISTORIC TIMELINE

1351

The Azores are marked on a Genoese sea map for the first time

1416 - 60

Prince Henry is pushing Portuguese sea expeditions

1432

official discovery of the Eastern islands of Santa Maria and Sao Miguel by Goncalo Velho Cabral or Diogo de Silves

around 1450

discovery of the central islands and Flores

1493

Columbus stops on Santa Maria on his way back from his first Atlantic voyage

1495 - 1521

King Manuel I leads Portugal into the Golden Era and the Azores become the base for further expeditions

1522

a heavy earthquake destroys Sao Miguels first capital Vila Franca do Campo

1580 - 1640

Spain takes reign in Portugal due to lack of a heir to the throne

1581

Terceira defeats Spanish troops, but is subsequently conquered in 1583 as the last island of the Azores

1640

mainland Portugal regains its independence. Two years later the Azores follow

1766

The Marques de Pombal abolishes feudal rule on the Azores and forms a regional government for all islands in Angra do Heroismo

1804

huge economic growth through the export of tea, oranges, pineapple and tobacco

from 1826

dispute about the succession to the throne of Portugal between Miguel I and Pedro IV

1832

Pedro and his liberal supporters overthrows Miguel absolutist regime in 1832 and resigns in favour to his daughter Maria II.

1893

Faial becomes an important intersection on the transatlantic route

1916

Portugal joins World War I on the Allies side

1932 - 1974

dictatorship in Portugal by Antonio de Oliveira (until 1969) and his successor Caetano

1939 - 1945

Portugal holds a neutral position during World War II. The Azores become a base for the Allies from 1943

1949

Portugal becomes a member of the NATO

1957/58

significant eruption of the Vulcao de Capelinhos on Faial

1966

the last cable company in Horta closes down

Apr 25 1974

The Carnation Revolution ends dictatorship in Portugal

Nov 1974

Portugal becomes a parliamentary democracy

1976

The Azores receive domestic and administrative autonomy

1980

Angra do Heroismo is fully destroyed by an earthquake

1983

Industrial whaling is prohibited

1983

Angra do Heroismo receives UNESCO World Heritage status

1986

Portugal joins the EC

1998

heavy earthquake on Faial

2003

Iraq summit on Terceira with Blair, Bush and Aznar

2004

Picos vineyards and wine cultivation receives UNESCO World Heritage status

2007

Graciosa and Corvo are declared as UNESCO Biosphere Reservoirs, Flores follows in 2009

2011 - 13

The recession hits Portugal and the Azores, cuts hit the economy hard

Histroy Portugal